Reasoning the Reason

Reasoning The Reason


1. LEGAL PRINCIPLE: A reasonable classification having nexus with the object sought to be achieved is not violative of Article 14 or Article 16 of the Constitution of India.

FACTUAL SITUATION: X’ is a male teacher in a women’s college, who applied for the post of Principal of that college. His candidature was rejected on the basis of the Government’s policy of appointing only women as Principal of a women’s college. ‘X’ challenges the policy on the ground of discrimination. Whether the challenge is sustainable?

a) Yes, because rejection of X’s candidature amounts to sexual discrimination and deprivation of opportunity.

b) No, the rejection does not amount to discrimination since it is a reasonable classification permissible under the Constitution.

c) No, because the policy of appointment of only lady Principal in a women’s college is a reasonable classification having a nexus with the object sought to be achieved.

d) Yes, because the policy is violative of the guarantee of equality before law under Article 14 of the Constitution.

2. LEGAL PRINCIPLE: Any institution or body can be a ‘State’ if it is created under the Constitution or a statute; or if it is substantially financed by the Government; or the Government holds its share capital.

FACTUAL SITUATION: K approached the High Court by filing a writ petition against the Board for Control of Cricket in India (BCCl). The argument advanced was that BCCl is a ‘State’ within the meaning of Article 12 of the Constitution of India. The question is whether the argument is acceptable?

a) Yes, because the Board has monopoly on cricket in India.

b) No, because the monopoly on cricket is neither State conferred nor State protected.

c) No, because the control of the government on BCCl, if any, is only regulatory.

d) No, because neither the Board is created under a statute nor any part of share capital of the Board is held by the government and no financial assistance is given by the government to the Board.

The answers are 1. (c); 2. (d).


1. Giant : Dwarf :: Genius : ?

a) Wicked
b) Gentle
c) Idiot
d) Tiny

2. Rickets is to Children as Osteomalacia is to…………

a) Infants
b) Mother
c) Adults
d) Old

3. Three of the following four pairs of alphabets and numerals have some relationship between their elements as in the case of the pair PROBLEM: 2948375 and hence form a group. Which one does not belong to the group?

a) OMEP : 4572
b) EROL : 7943
c) BORE : 8497
d) MOEP : 5972

4. In a class among the passed students, Nalin is 22nd from the top and Aparna, who is 5 ranks below Nalin, is 34th from the bottom. All the students from the class appeared for an examination. If the ratio of the students who passed in the examination to those who failed is 4 : 1, how many students were there in the class?

a) Data inadequate
b) 75
c) 60
d) None of these

The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (c); 3. (d); 4. (b).


The average life expectancy for the United States population as a whole is 73.9 years, but children born in Hawaii will live an average of 77 years, and those born in Louisiana, 71.7 years. If a newlywed couple from Louisiana were to begin their family in Hawaii, their children would be expected to live longer than would be the case if the family remained in Louisiana.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the conclusion drawn in the passage?

a) As population density increases in Hawaii, life expectancy figures for that state are likely to be revised downward.

b) Environmental factors tending to favour longevity are abundant in Hawaii and less numerous in Louisiana.

c) Twenty-five percent of all Louisianans who move to Hawaii live longer than 77 years.

d) Over the last decade, average life expectancy has risen at a higher rate for Louisianans than for Hawaiians.

The answer is (b).

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