Reasoning the Reason



1 . X, the owner of a car, asked his friend Y to drive the car to his office. As the car was near his (X’s) office, it hit a pedestrian P on account of Y’s negligent driving and injured him seriously. P sued X for damages.

(a) X is not liable as it was the negligence of Y

(b) The liability was solely of Y as X was not accompanying him

(c) As Y was driving under X’s care and authority, X is liable

(d) X is not liable under the principle of inevitable accident.

2 . X applied for the post of Director in an organization. The governing body of the organization passed a resolution appointing him. After the meeting, one of the members of the governing body informed him privately of the resolution. Subsequently, the resolution was rescinded. X claims damages.

(a) X cannot claim damages as there was no formal communication

(b) X cannot claim damages as he had not resigned from his existing post in anticipation of getting the appointment letter

(c) X can claim damages as governing body cannot rescind the resolution once passed

(d) X can claim damages as there was private communication.

The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (a)


1 . In a certain code RAIL is written as KCTN and SPEAK is written as CGRUM. How will AVOID be written in that code?




(d) KQXCF.

2 . How many such pairs of letters are there in the word APPREHENSION each of which has as many letters between them in the word as there are between them in the English alphabet?

(a) 4

(b) 5

(c) 6

(a) 7.

3 . Three of the following four pairs are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Which one does not belong to that group?





4 . In a certain code ‘lee ra de’, means ‘what was it’, ‘mo nil’ means ‘you go’, ‘nil pom ra’ means ‘you like it’ and ‘tok lee to’ means ‘she was sick’. How will you write ‘what you like’ in that code?

(a) pom nil ra

(b) pom ra lee

(c) nil ra lee

(d) None of these.

The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (c); 3. (d); 4. (d)


1. High levels of fertilizers and pesticides, needed when farmers try to produce high yields of the same crop year after year, pollute water supplies. Experts, therefore, urge farmers to diversify their crops and to rotate their plantings yearly.

To receive governmental price-support benefits for a crop, farmers must have produced that same crop for the past several years.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?

(a) The rules for governmental support of farm prices work against efforts to reduce water pollution.

(b) The only solution to the problem of water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides is to take farmland out of production.

(c) Farmers can continue to make a profit by rotating diverse crops, thus reducing costs for chemicals, but not by planting the same crop each year.

(d) New farming techniques will be developed to make it possible for farmers to reduce the application of fertilizers and pesticides.

2. Nutritionists are advising people to eat more fish, since the Omega-3 fatty acids in fish help combat many diseases. If everyone took this advice, however, there would not be enough fish in oceans, rivers, and lakes to supply the demand; the oceans are already being overfished. The obvious method to ease the pressure on wild fish populations is for people to increase their consumption of farmed fish.

Which of the following, if true, raises the most serious doubt concerning the prospects for success of the solution proposed above?

(a) Aquaculture, or fish farming, raises more fish in a given volume of water than are generally present in the wild.

(b) Some fish farming, particularly of shrimp and other shellfish, takes place in enclosures in the ocean.

(c) There are large expanses of ocean waters that do not contain enough nutrients to support substantial fish populations.

(d) The feed for farmed ocean fish is largely made from small wild-caught fish, including the young of many popular food species.

The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (d)

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