Principle: An act is not an offence if it is caused by accident, without criminal intention or knowledge, in doing it in a lawful manner, by lawful means and with proper care and caution.
Facts: Yuvi usually returns home late after work and since he lives in an unsafe area where lots of robberies take place, he keeps a gun with him, for which he has a licence. One day while returning from work, Yuvi notices a figure walking on the parapet of a house window. Thinking this to be burglar, Yuvi shots with his gun, after ensuring that no other person is in line of fire, and grievously injures the person walking on the parapet. Later Yuvi finds out that this person was in fact, an inmate of the house trying to surprise the others into thinking that the house was being robbed. Yuvi is now being tried for the offence of having caused grievous hurt to this person.
(a) Yuvi is guilty since he shot at the person with the intention of hurting him.
(b) Yuvi is guilty because he should have waited and checked if the person was actually committing a robbery, since he knew that shooting with a gun could result in serious injuries.
(c) Yuvi is not guilty because while thinking himself to be doing a lawful act of preventing a robbery, he has accidentally committed an offence.
(d) None of the above.
The answer is (b)
Directions (Qs. 1 and 2): Complete the series by replacing the ‘?’.
1. 5 S 425, 11 W 388, ?, 61 E 336, 138 I 317
(a) 26 A 359
(b) 38 X 360 e
(c) 39 P 369
(d) 39 Z 359
2. A A 40, C D 51, G H 64,?,U S 96
(a) K K 80
(b) M M 80
(c) M M 79
(d) K K 81
The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (c)
Directions (1 and 2): Each of these questions has a statement followed by two conclusions I and II. Consider the statement and the conclusions. Decide which of the conclusions follows from the statement. Mark answer as
(a) If conclusion I follows
(b) If conclusion II follows
(c) If neither conclusion follows
(d) If both conclusions follow
1 . Statement: Contentment makes poor men rich; discontentment makes rich men poor.
- The real wealth of a person is his virtue and not the money he possesses.
- The person loaded with money is respected by all and sundry.
2 . Statement: Teaching should be full of ideas instead of being stuffed with facts.
- Teacher’s job is to work according to the set curriculum and not digress form it.
- Teaching profession has little scope for innovation
Directions (3 and 4): Each of these questions has an assertion (A) and a reason (R). Mark answer as —
(a) if both ‘A’ and ‘R’ are true and ‘R’ is the correct explanation of ‘A’.
(b) if both ‘A’ and ‘R’ are true but ‘R’ is not the correct explanation of ‘A’.
(c) if ‘A’ is true but ‘R’ is false.
(d) if ‘A’ is false but ‘R’ is true.
3 . Assertion (A): India faced increased international pressure when it became nuclear power by conducting the Pokhran test.
Reason (R): A few powerful nations don’t want that other nations may also become powerful like them.
4. Assertion (A): The state government of Gujarat has agreed in principle to sanction more number of posts of primary school teachers.
Reason (R): In Gujarat the student – teacher ratio in rural areas is higher than in urban areas.
The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (d); 3.(a); 4. (b)