Reasoning the Reason



1. PRINCIPLE: No person can be held liable for damage, loss or injury caused due to an act of God.
Explanation: The defence of ‘Act of God’ can be pleaded only if the injury is caused due to natural forces and the occurrence was extraordinary.

FACTS: John worked for the Delhi Airport Authority and was responsible for maintaining watch tower. One day, when John went up the watch tower for cleaning during wee hours, lightning struck and John died. John’s wife filed a suit for compensation. Decide whether Delhi Airport Authority is liable to pay compensation?

(a) Yes, as Delhi Airport Authority is vicariously liable.
(b) No, as John unfortunately died because of Act of God.
(c) No, as John was not expected to perform cleaning during wee hours of the day.
(d) Yes, as John died in the course of employment and was not warned in advance to climb up the watch tower.

2. PRINCIPLE: The Constitution provides for freedom to practice any trade and profession in the country, subject to reasonable restrictions.

FACTS: The government imposes a ban on keeping wild animals domesticated. Abmasi is a bear trainer, and takes his bear from street to street and earns his living through the animal. The government seizes the animal from Abmasi under the law imposed and gives him some compensation.

(a) The ban is justified as freedom to practice any trade and profession is subject to reasonable restriction and the ban falls under reasonable restriction
(b) The ban is justified as even animals have a right to be treated justly
(c) The ban is unjustified as Abmasi makes his living with the help of the bear
(d) The ban is unjustified as it imposes unreasonable restrictions.

The answers are 1. (b); 2. (a).


1. Pointing to a photograph, Vipul said, “She is the daughter of my grandfather’s only son.” How is Vipul related to the girl in the photograph?
(a) brother
(b) father
(c) cousin
(d) uncle.

2. What is the angle between the two hands of a clock when the time shown by the clock is 6.30 p.m.?
(a) 20 degree
(b) 50 degree
(c) 30 degree
(d) 15 degree.

3. If January 1, 2012 is a Sunday, then which day is the Indian Independence day of the same year?
(a) Saturday
(b) Wednesday
(c) Thursday
(d) Friday.

4. All the faces of a cube are painted with red colour. The cube is cut into 64 equal small cubes. How many small cubes have only one face coloured?
(a) 24
(b) 8
(c) 16
(d) 32.

The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (d); 3. (b); 4. (a).


1. One New York publisher has estimated that 50,000 to 60,000 people in the United States want an anthology that includes the complete works of William Shakespeare. And what accounts for this renewed interest in Shakespeare? As scholars point out, his psychological insights into both male and female characters are amazing even today.

This paragraph best supports the statement that

(a) Shakespeare’s characters are more interesting than fictional characters today.
(b) People even today are interested in Shakespeare’s work because of the characters.
(c) Academic scholars are putting together an anthology of Shakespeare’s work.
(d) New Yorkers have a renewed interested in the work of Shakespeare.

2. If you’re a fitness walker, there is no need for a commute to a health club. Your neighborhood can be your health club. You don’t need a lot of fancy equipment to get a good workout either. All you need is a well-designed pair of athletic shoes.

This paragraph best supports the statement that

(a) Fitness walking is a better form of exercise than weight lifting.
(b) A membership in a health club is a poor investment.
(c) Walking outdoors provides a better workout than walking indoors.
(d) Fitness walking is a convenient and valuable form of exercise.

The answers are: 1. (b); 2. (d).

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