Reasoning the Reason

LEGAL ,LOGICAL , ANALYTICAL REASONING

LEGAL REASONING


1. LEGAL PRINCIPLE: Ignorance of law is no excuse (Ignorantia juris non excusat).
FACTUAL SITUATION: Mr. X is a citizen of the country Gandhar. In his country cutting of trees is not an offence. He came to visit the country Jambudvip. In Jambudvip cutting of trees is an offence. In a cold night Mr. X cut a tree with the help of few others before the hotel where he was staying and put fire on the logs. Then he enjoyed drink and music with others around the fire. The Police arrested Mr. X and a criminal proceeding was initiated against him.
(a) Mr. X can successfully claim the defence of ignorance of law and he is not liable
(b) Mr. X will not be allowed to plead the defence of ignorance of law and he is liable
(c) Mr. X is not guilty as he himself did not cut the tree but some other people cut the tree
(d) None of the above.

2. LEGAL PRINCIPLE: False imprisonment is a total restraint of the liberty of a person, for however short a time, without lawful excuse.
FACTUAL SITUATION: A was driving down a road heading to her house. As she reached close to her house, she found that a few people led by B, protesting against an unfair law, had blocked the road. There was no alternative road to her house and hence she was stuck there for around 5 minutes.
(a) B and his group are liable for having falsely imprisoned A.
(b) B and his group are not liable for falsely imprisoning A, since they were exercising their right to protest.
(c) B and his group are not liable for falsely imprisoning A, since they did not totally restrain the liberty of A.
(d) B and his group are not liable for falsely imprisoning A, since 5 minutes is too short a time.

The answers are: 1. (b); 2. (a)


LOGICAL REASONING


1. Three of the following four are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
(a) 131
(b) 151
(c) 181
(d) 161.

2. A, B, C, D and E, when arranged in descending order of their weight from top, A becomes third, E is between D and A, C and D are not at the top. Who among them is the second?
(a) C
(b) B
(c) E
(d) Data inadequate.

3. In a row of 40 boys facing the North, Amar is 6th to the right of Sudeep and Sudeep is 11th to the left of Vijay. If Amar is 28th from the right end of the row, what is the position of Vijay from the left end of the row?
(a) 17th
(b) 21st
(c) 20th
(d) 18th

The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (a); 3. (d)


ANALYTICAL REASONING


Directions (Qs. 1 to 3): Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.

Give answer
(a) If only I is strong
(b) If only II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong.

1. Statement: Should ‘computer knowledge’ be made a compulsory subject for all students at Secondary School Certificate (SSC) examination in India?
Arguments:
I. No, our need is ‘bread’ for everyone, we cannot follow Western models.
II. Yes, we cannot enter the year 2020 without equipping our children with computers.

2. Statement: Should postal services be privatized in India?
Argument:
I. Yes, it will make life easy for the citizens of India.
II. No, privatization is not a panacea for all the problems, even private service can be equally bad.

3. Statement: Should all the professional colleges in India be encouraged to run their own courses without affiliation to any university?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this is only way to create more opportunities for those who seek professional training.
II. No, this will dilute the quality of professional training as all such colleges may not be equipped to conduct such courses.

The answers are: 1. (b); 2. (b); 3. (b)

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