1. PRINCIPLE: Criminal trespasser has no immunity of law.
FACTS: Shaan, an industrialist, had a warehouse fenced with a six feet concrete wall. But still there were occasions of regular pilferages. His security guards could not find the culprit. So Shaan lifted his wall up to eight feet. The wall became slippery. One day, a thief climbed up the wall but fell down and died.
Did Shaan commit any wrong?
(a) Shaan did not commit any wrong
(b) Shaan committed the offence of murder
(c) Shaan did not commit the offence of murder but culpable homicide
(d) Shaan committed the wrong against State.
2. PRINCIPLE 1: No Consideration—No Contract.
PRINCIPLE 2: Consideration is something done or abstinence of a party at the desire of another party.
PRINCIPLE 3: Consideration must have some value in the eyes of law.
FACTS: Shanti Niketan Trust manages a school named Kendriya Vidya Bhavan. Sameer, the parent of a student in the school suggested to the Trust that it could build a new library building for which he would bear part of the cost. The school authority accepted the suggestion and started construction of the building. Sameer who suffered loss in business, now refuses to pay the part he had offered earlier.
(a) Sameer is not liable to pay as the building was for the benefit of the school and he has nothing to do with it by way of enjoying any benefit.
(b) Sameer is liable to pay as his child is a student in the same school.
(c) Sameer is liable to pay because based upon his promise, the school authority started construction of the building.
(d) None of the above.
The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (a).
Directions (Qs. 1-4): Read the following information carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Six persons are sitting in a circle. A is facing B. B is to the right of E and left of C. C is to the left of D. F is to the right of A. Now D exchanges his seat with F, and E and B.
1. Who will be sitting to the left of D?
(a) B (b) D (c) E (d) A.
2. Who will be sitting to the left of C?
(a) E (b) F (c) A (d) B.
3. Who will be sitting opposite of A?
(a) E (b) F (c) D (d) B.
4. Who will be sitting opposite to C?
(a) C (b) D (c) B (d) A.
5. Find the missing term (?) in the following series:
1, 1, 3, 9, 6, 36, 10, 100, ?, 225
(a) 12 (b) 13 (c) 14 (d) 15.
6. Introducing a girl, Vipin said, “Her mother is the only daughter of my mother-in-law.” How is Vipin related to that girl?
The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (a); 3. (a); 4. (b); 5. (d); 6. (b).
1. Statement: The Chief Minister emphasized the point that the Government will try its best for the development of farmers and rural poor.
Conclusions: I. The former government had not tried seriously for the development of these people.
II. This government will not try seriously for the development of the urban poor.
(a) Only conclusion I follows
(b) Only conclusion II follows
(c) Both I and II follow
(d) Neither I nor II follows.
2. Statement: The Government has decided to reduce the customs duty on computer peripherals Assumptions: I. The domestic market price of computer peripherals may go up in near future.
II. The domestic manu-facturers may oppose the decision.
(a) Only assumption I is implicit
(b) Only assumption II is implicit
(c) Both I and II are implicit
(d) Neither I nor II is implicit.
3. Statement: Should school education be made free in India?
Arguments: I. Yes, this is the only way to improve the level of literacy.
II. No, it will add to the already heavy burden on the exchequer.
(a) Only argument I is strong
(b) Only argument II is strong
(c) Both I and II are strong
(d) Neither I nor II is strong.
The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (d); 3. (b).