Reasoning the Reason



1. PRINCIPLE: Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who is, or who by reason of a mistake of fact and not by reason of mistake of law in good faith believes himself to be bound by law to do it.
FACTS: A, an officer of a Court of Justice, being ordered by that court to arrest Y, without due inquiry, believing Z to be Y, arrests Z. Is A liable?
(a) A is not liable since he followed the command of the Court of Justice.
(b) A is liable since he acted without due inquiry.
(c) A’s act is justified in the circumstances.
(d) Both (a) and (c).

2. PRINCIPLE: In any suit for damages, the workman shall not be deemed to have undertaken any risk attaching to the employment unless the employer proves that the risk was fully explained to and understood by the workman and that the workman voluntarily undertook the same.
FACTS: ‘A’ in search of job met a quarry owner and requested him to provide any job for the time being. The quarry owner allowed him to work as a labourer and to carry stone boulders from one place to another in the quarry. Unaware of working condition and environment ‘A’ tried to remove a huge stone having live dynamite inside, which blew up fracturing the leg of ‘A’. ‘A’ filed a suit against the quarry owner. Whether ‘A’ would succeed?
(a) No, he voluntarily undertook the risk of employment.
(b) No, he was aware of the dangers involved in the job.
(c) Yes, he was never explained the hazards of the given job.
(d) None of the above.

The answers are: 1. (b); 2. (c).


1. Introducing a girl, Ram said, “Her mother’s brother is the only son of my mother’s father. How is girl’s mother related to Ram’s maternal grand father?
(a) Sister
(b) Wife
(c) Daughter
(d) Sister-in-law.

2. Ram is 21st from the left in a row and Shyam is 52nd from the right in the row. If there are 60 persons in the row then how many persons are there between them?
(a) 10
(b) 11
(c) 8
(d) 20.

3. From the given alternatives select the ‘one’ in which the set of numbers is like the set of numbers given in the question.
Given set (1, 4, 13)
(a) 2, 8, 26
(b) 5, 8, 16
(c) 7, 12, 26
(d) 11, 13, 18.

4. City ‘x’ is in the west of city ‘y’, while city ‘z’ is in the north of city ‘y’ and city ‘w’ is in the south-east of ‘z’. What is the direction of city ‘w’ with respect to ‘x’?
(a) North-East
(b) East
(c) South-East
(d) Cannot say.

The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (b); 3. (a); 4. (d).


Directions (Qs. 1-3): In each of the following questions, a statement is given followed by two conclusions. Give answer
(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If both conclusions I and II follow.
(d) If neither I nor II follows.

1. Statement: Ahmedabad has a lower population and hence is a safer place to live.
I. A city which has less population is a better place to live.
II. Ahmedabad has lower number of crimes than Bombay.

2. Statement: Most students of the LU BMS program are bright.
I. Many companies visit the LU BMS program for campus placements.
II. Some of the students of LU BMS are not bright.

3. Statement: SRK is a famous filmstar. SRK earns handsome amounts every year through advertisements of products he endorses.
I. All famous filmstars earn handsome amounts through advertisements.
II. SRK, being famous, endorses only famous brands.

The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (b); 3. (d).

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