Reasoning the Reason

LEGAL ,LOGICAL , ANALYTICAL REASONING

LEGAL REASONING


PRINCIPLE: Whoever intending to take dishonestly any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person’s consent, moves that property in order to such taking or omits to return it back with the intention of keeping it thereby depriving the person of the possession of such property is said to commit theft.

FACTS: Kajal is at her friend Ruchi’s house with her lively toddler Pranav. While the two friends are talking, Pranav, who has a knack of picking things up that don’t belong to him, spots a shiny, expensive gold watch and puts it into his mother’s purse without being noticed. Once Kajal arrives home, she discovers what her baby has done, but decides to keep the watch with herself. Ruchi who has been looking for her watch finds it in Kajal’s possession. Can Kajal be held responsible?

(a) Kajal cannot be held responsible because she had no intention and neither did she commit the act of taking the watch from Ruchi’s possession.

(b) Kajal cannot be held responsible because Pranav, as a baby, could not have had the intention of stealing.

(c) Kajal is responsible because she acted dishonestly by omitting to return the watch to Ruchi.

(d) Kajal is responsible for her baby’s actions because the baby is in her care.

The answer is (c).


LOGICAL REASONING


1.  Select the related letters/word/numbers from the given alternatives:

PST : 01 : : NPR : ?

(a)   3

(b)   4

(c)   1

(d) 7

2.  Which set of letters when sequentially placed at the gaps will complete the given Letter series?

a b _  a c c a b _ a c c _ b b a _ c a b b a _ c

(a)   bbacc

(b)   acbcc

(c)   bcabb

(d) bcbba

3.  If 63 @ 81 = 2 ? 54 @ 51 = 3 , then 69 @ 21 = ?

(a)   4

(b)   5

(c)   8

(d) 9

4. A bell rings every 18 minutes. A second bell rings every 24 minutes. A third bell rings every 32 minutes. If all the three bells ring at the same time at 8 o’clock in the morning, at what other time will they all ring together?

(a)   12:40 hrs

(b)   12:48 hrs

(c)   12:56 hrs

(d)  13:04 hrs

5. Arrange the following according to the stages in the life cycle of a butterfly:

  1. Butterfly
  2. Caterpillar
  3. Eggs
  4. Cocoon

(a)   1, 2, 3, 4

(b)   3, 2, 4, 1

(c)   3, 4, 2, 1

(d) 1, 4, 2, 3

The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (a); 3. (c); 4. (b); 5. (b)


ANALYTICAL REASONING


1.Statement : Should there be a ban on affiliation of student unions to political parties?

Arguments :

  1. Yes. The political parties take undue advantage of the student unions to fulfill their own selfish interests.
  2. No. Without the support of political parties student unions will not be able to survive.

(a)   Only argument I is strong

(b)   Only argument II is strong

(c)   Neither I nor II is strong

(d)  Both I and II are strong

2.  Statement: The number of dropouts in government schools has significantly increased in the urban areas over the past few years.

Courses of action:

  1. The government should immediately close down all such schools in the urban areas where the dropout goes beyond 20 per cent.
  2. The parents of all the students who dropped out of the government schools in urban areas should be punished.

(a) Only course of action I follows

(b) Only course of action II follows

(c) Either course of action I or II follows

(d) Neither courses of action follows.

The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (d)

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