Reasoning the Reason

# LEGAL ,LOGICAL , ANALYTICAL REASONING

LEGAL REASONING

(Principle for Qs. 1 and 2)
LEGAL PRINCIPLE:
An employer is responsible for any accident or loss caused to his employees, during the course of employment.

1. FACTS: Mayur used to work in Jumbo bread factory. One day while he was working, his hand got burnt as he was trying to take out the bread from the oven. Can he claim compensation from the employers?
(a) Yes, because the accident occurred during the course of employment.
(b) No, because he should have done his work carefully.
(c) No, because the employer did not cause the accident.
d) None of the above.

2. FACTS: Mayur who was there in the baking department went to help his friend who worked in the packaging department as his friend was seriously ill. Mayur got injured by the machine which was used to cut slices of bread. Can Mayur claim compensation from the employers?
(a) Yes, because the accident occurred during the course of employment.
(b) No, because he was injured while doing something which was not part of his work.
(c) Yes, because he has been injured and has to be compensated by the employer.
(d) None of the above.

The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (b).

LOGICAL REASONING

1. A man has a certain number of small boxes to pack into parcels. If he packs 3, 4, 5 or 6 in a parcel, he is left with one over; if he packs 7 in a parcel, none is left over. What is the number of boxes he may have to pack?
(a) 106
(b) 301
(c) 309
(d) 400.

2. If in a certain code language ‘GOAL’ is written as ‘5139’ and ‘LAME’ is written as ‘9327’, then how will ‘MOLE’ be written in that language?
(a) 2197
(b) 2917
(c) 3197
(d) 2157.

3. 71, 59, 48, 38, 29, ?
(a) 18
(b) 21
(c) 20
(d) 12.

4. 14, 21, 30, 41, 54, ?
(a) 61
(b) 73
(c) 69
(d) 70.

5. 2, 5, 10, ?, 26
(a) 19
(b) 21
(c) 17
(d) 25.

6. Sita is older than Kanika. Ila is older than Kanika but younger than Sita, Shempa is younger than both Manas and Kanika, Kanika is older than Manas. Who is the youngest?
(a) Shempa
(b) Manas
(c) Ila
(d) Kanika.

The answers are: 1. (b); 2. (a);
3. (b); 4. (c); 5. (c); 6. (a).

ANAYTICAL REASONING

1. ‘Utilitarians believe that the right action is that which produces the most happiness.’
Which of the following claims is incompatible with the utilitarian view?
(a) The right thing to do is to make the consequences of our actions as good as possible.
(b) The right thing to do is to do our duty, whatever the consequences.
(c) The right thing to do is to act on a rule which, if followed widely, produces the most happiness.
(d) The right thing to do is to act from motivations which produce the most happiness.

2. Technology has developed out of stone tools which were used in ancient times. At first, development of new technology was slow, but after neo-liberal economic policy was adopted there has been a tremendous growth in technology sector.
This paragraph best supports the statement that
(a) Stone tools were not really technology.
(b) Stone tools were in use in Ancient India.
(c) Today new technologies are developing at a fast pace.
(d) New technology has nothing in common with the stone tools.

The answers are: 1. (b); 2. (c).