Reasoning the Reason

LEGAL ,LOGICAL , ANALYTICAL REASONING

LEGAL REASONING


LEGAL PRINCIPLE: Law of Contract mandates that two or more people are free to create mutual rights and duties provided such rights and duties are not opposed to public policy.

FACTUAL SITUATION: A enters into an agreement with B under which B undertakes to kill A when he is asleep. For this act, A deposited ` 1 lakh with a bank, which B could withdraw once he has performed the aforesaid task. B kills A according to the terms of the agreement.
(a) B must get `1 lakh because he has performed his task
(b) B must be prosecuted because he has killed A
(c) B must not be prosecuted because A has consented to be killed
(d) B must be prosecuted for killing A but he should get ` 1 lakh as agreed by A.

The answer is (b).


LOGICAL REASONING


Directions (Qs.1 and 2): In each of the following ‘Letter Series’, some letters are missing. Find those letters to complete the series.
1. _sr_tr_srs_r_srst_
(a) ttssrr
(b) tsrtsr
(c) tstttr
(d) strtrs

2. ac_ga_eg_ce_
(a) dbag
(b) ecag
(c) deag
(d) ebdg
Directions (Qs.3 and 4): Find the odd one out.
3. (a) 120
(b) 24
(c) 720
(d) 951

4. (a) 22
(b) 12
(c) 14
(d) 18

5. Three persons A, B and C are standing in a queue. There are five persons between A and B and eight persons between B and C. If there are three persons ahead of C and 21 persons behind A, what could be the minimum number of persons in the queue?
(a) 41
(b) 40
(c) 28
(d) 27

The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (b); 3. (d); 4. (a); 5. (c)


ANALYTICAL REASONING


1. People in South Africa tribe have observed that heavy rains are usually preceded by claps of thunder. They are convinced that the heavy rains are somehow caused by the claps of thunder.

Which of the following, if true, would weaken the tribals’ conviction?
(a) The temperature must fall below 20 degree celsius for both heavy rains and claps of thunder to occur.
(b) The presence of rain-bearing cloud is the reason for the heavy rains as well as claps of thunder.
(c) It is as yet to be proved that claps of thunder precede and hence cause heavy rains.
(d) Claps of thunder actually cause heavy rains.

2. In India today, you assess the status of a person by the type of car he owns. The message of the Mercedes Benz is clear: ‘Its owner is rich, successful and influential. Shouldn’t you own a Mercedes Benz?’

If the claims in the above statement are true, which one of the following must also be true on that logic?
(a) Anyone who is rich and successful is also influential.
(b) Anyone who is not rich, successful and influential would try to misrepresent himself by owning a Mercedes Benz.
(c) No car other than the Mercedes Benz announces that its owner is successful.
(d) No one would fail to recognise the kind of person who would choose to own a Mercedes Benz.

The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (d)

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