Reasoning the Reason

LEGAL ,LOGICAL , ANALYTICAL REASONING


LEGAL REASONING


1. Principle: Whoever attempts to commit an offence and in such attempt does any act towards the commission of the offence shall be punished.

Facts: A, a trustee makes an attempt to steal some jewels by breaking open a box belonging to Trust B and finds after opening the box, that there are no jewels in it. A is prosecuted for the offence of attempting to commit theft.
(a) A is liable for the offence of attempt to commit theft.
(b) A is not liable for attempting to commit theft as there was no jewel in the box which could have been stolen by A.
(c) A is not liable as Trust B did not lose anything.
(d) A is liable as he has done an act which is morally wrong.

2. Principle: Nothing is an offence committed by a child above the age of 7 years and below the age of 12 years, provided that the child is not mature enough to understand the nature and consequence of his conduct.

Facts: X, a boy of 11 years of age found a gold ornament in the vicinity of a temple. The ornament was accidentally dropped by the Pundit while putting it on the idol. X took it and gave it to Y, his 6-year old sister to keep it and instructed her not to tell anyone about it. On a complaint by the temple authorities the gold ornament was recovered from the school bag of Y.
(a) X and Y are guilty of theft.
(b) X is guilty of theft and Y is innocent.
(c) X and Y both are innocent.
(d) X is innocent and Y is guilty of theft.
The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (b)


LOGICAL REASONING


1. A horse is facing north. It turns 90 degrees in the clockwise direction, then 180 degrees in the anti-clockwise and then another 90 degrees in the same direction. Which direction is the horse facing now?
(a) East
(b) North
(c) West
(d) South.

2. Which letter should be the ninth letter to the left of the ninth letter from the right, if the first half of the English alphabets are reversed?
(a) D
(b) F
(c) I
(d) E
Directions (Qs. 3 to 5): Study the following information to answer the given questions.

In a certain code, ‘ze lo ka gi’ is a code for ‘must save some money. ‘fe ka so ni’ is a code for ‘he made good money’; ‘ni lo da so’ is a code for ‘he must be good’ and ‘we so ze da’ is a code for ‘be good save grace.’

3. Which of the following is the code for ‘must’?
(a) so
(b) da
(c) lo
(d) ni.

4. What does the code ‘ze’ stand for?
(a) some
(b) must
(c) grace
(d) save.

5. Which of the following is the code for ‘good’?
(a) so
(b) we
(c) ze
(d) lo.

The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (d); 3. (c); 4. (d); 5. (a)


ANALYTICAL REASONING


1. One of the warmest winters on record has put consumers in the mood to spend money. Spending is likely to be the strongest in thirteen years. During the month of February, sales of existing single family homes hit an annual record rate of 4.75 million.

T his paragraph best supports the statement that

(a) consumer spending will be higher thirteen years from now than it is today.
(b) more people buy houses in the month of February than in any other month.
(c) during the winter months, the prices of single-family homes are the lowest.
(d) warm winter weather is likely to affect the rate of home sales.

2. In the past, consumers would rarely walk into an ice cream store and order low-fat ice cream. But that isn’t the case today. An increasing health consciousness combined with a much bigger selection of tasty low fat foods in all categories has made low fat ice cream a very profitable item for ice cream store owners.

This paragraph best supports the statement that

(a) low-fat ice cream produces more revenue than other low-fat foods.
(b) ice cream store owners would be better off carrying only low-fat foods.
(c) Ice cream store owners no longer think that low-fat ice cream is an unpopular item.
(d) low-fat ice cream is more popular than other kinds of ice cream.

The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (c)

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