Reasoning the Reason

LEGAL ,LOGICAL , ANALYTICAL REASONING

LEGAL REASONING


PRINCIPLE: If any person having sufficient means neglects or refuses to maintain his father or mother who is unable to maintain himself or herself, a Magistrate of the First Class may upon proof of such neglect or refusal, order such person to make a monthly allowance for the maintenance of his/her father or mother at such monthly rates as the Magistrate thinks fit.

FACTS: Mr. Nagendra is a retired worker aged about 65 years. His wife, Mrs. Sumalatha, aged about 62 years is a housewife. They have three children, out of which one is a son and the other two are daughters. The son, Anupam is aged about 35 years. He was working for a Private Company but has been dismissed for a proved misconduct. The daughters are Anjali, aged about 32 years, who is a Software Engineer married to a Doctor. Anjali is working for a multinational company. Her salary is `80,000 per month. Her husband is an Orthopaedic Surgeon having a very good practice. The other daughter is Ankita, aged about 26 years, married to a 1st class contractor. She is a School Teacher earning a salary of `30,000 per month. Mr. Nagendra and his wife Sumalatha have no means of living. They have exhausted whatever savings they had. Under these circumstances, they have filed an application before the Judicial Magistrate for maintenance against their son and daughters. The daughters are refusing to pay any maintenance as they are married and they argue that they will have to take care of their children. The son, Anupam, is also expressing his inability to pay.

(a) Only Anupam has to bear the responsibility being the only son
(b) Anjali is liable to pay maintenance as she is well off
(c) Both Anjali and Ankita are liable to pay maintenance
(d) The Magistrate can order any of them to pay for the maintenance.

The answer is (d).

LOGICAL REASONING


1. Looking at a woman sitting next to him, Amit said, “She is the sister of the husband of my wife”. How is the woman related to Amit?
(a) Niece
(b) Daughter
(c) Sister
(d) Wife.

2. In a cricket team, Dhoni is taller than Virat but not as tall as Raina, Rohit is shorter than Dhoni but taller than Shikhar. Who among them is the shortest?
(a) Dhoni
(b) Virat
(c) Shikhar
(d) Cannot be determined.

3. 37 boys are standing in a row facing the school building. Ashwini is 15th from the left end. If he is shifted six places to the right, what is his position from the right end?
(a) 21st
(b) 20th
(c) 17th
(d) None of these.

4. Satish read a book on Sunday. Sudha read that book one day prior to Anil but 4 days after Satish. On which day did Anil read the book?
(a) Friday
(b) Thursday
(c) Tuesday
(d) Saturday.

The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (d); 3. (d); 4. (a)

ANALYTICAL REASONING


Directions (Qs. 1-3): Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.
Give answer
(a) If only I is strong
(b) If only II is strong
(c) If neither I nor II is strong
(d) If both I and II are strong.

1. Should the tenure of the President be longer?
Arguments:
I. No, the President of India is a non-executive head. Therefore, there is no need to extend his tenure.
II. Yes, it will provide an opportunity to the President to guide the government to fulfil the long term objectives.

2. Should there be concentration of foreign investment in only a few States?
Arguments:
I. No, it is against the policy of the overall development of the country.
II. Yes, because a larger number of States lack infrastructure to attract foreign investment.

3. Should there be a complete ban on opening up of new management educational institutions?
Arguments:
I. Yes, there are more institutions than required and there is no need to open up new institutions.
II. No, we need more professional managers in coming days because the future scenario will be very competitive.

The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (a); 3. (b)

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