Reasoning the Reason



1. PRINCIPLE: ‘Audi alteram partem’ is a Latin phrase which means ‘hear the other side’. It is the principle that no person should be judged without a fair hearing.
FACTS: Sanjay is accused of theft and brought before the Court. The magistrate discovers that Sanjay is mute.
(a)The principle is not applicable to Sanjay since he is mute
(b) The principle is applicable to Sanjay even though he cannot speak since he can be asked to write down his defence
(c) The Magistrate has to take all measures to understand what Sanjay has to convey about the accusation against him
(d) Since it is a Latin principle it is not applicable in India.

2. PRINCIPLE: An essential condition in a contract for sale of goods is that the seller has title over the goods sold.
FACTS: Ranjan pays rupees two thousand and buys a watch from Mohit who runs a watch showroom and a repair hop. Jatin sees the watch with Ranjan and tells him that it is his watch and was only given to Mohit for repairs. If what Jatin says is true
(a) Ranjan is now the owner of the watch since he paid rupees two thousand for it
(b) Ranjan is not the owner of the watch since Mohit did not have a title to it
(c) Mohit must pay Jatin rupees two thousand since he sold Jatin’s watch
(d) Mohit is the owner of the watch since he sold it to Ranjan.
The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (b).


1. Facing towards South, Ram started walking and turned left after walking 30 m, he walked 25 m and turned left and walked 30 m. How far is he from his starting position and in which direction? (a) At the starting point only
(b) 25 m, West
(c) 25 m, East
(d) 30 m, East.
2. How many pairs of letters in the word are as far from each other as they are in the alphabets in the word ‘RELATIONSHIP’?
(a) 5
(b) 4
(c) 2
(d) 3.
3. Pointing to a gentleman, Deepak said, “His only brother is the father of my daughter’s father.” How is that gentleman related to Deepak?
(a) Father
(b) Grandfather
(c) Brother-in-law
(d) Uncle.
4. 4, 7, 12, …., 28, 39
(a) 19
(b) 24
(c) 14
(d) 16.
The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (a); 3. (d); 4. (a).


1. All pencils are bricks.
2. All bricks are bottles.
I. All pencils are bottles.
II. All bricks are pencils.
(a) Only conclusion I follows
(b) Only conclusion II follows
(c) Neither I nor II follows
(d) Both I and II follow.

2. STATEMENT: “We need to appoint more teachers” – Principal informs the school staff. ASSUMPTIONS: I. Teachers are available.
II. Present teachers are not good.
(a) Only assumption I is implicit
(b) Only assumption II is implicit
(c) Neither I nor II is implicit
(d) Both I and II are implicit.

3. STATEMENT: Is the verdict of a judge always just and the right one?
ARGUMENTS: I. Yes, the judges are very learned and intelligent.
II. No, tricky lawyer and false evidence often twist the case and mislead the judge.
(a) Only Argument I is strong
(b) Only Argument II is strong
(c) Neither I nor II is strong
(d) Both I and II are strong.
The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (a); 3. (b).

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