Reasoning the Reason

LEGAL ,LOGICAL , ANALYTICAL REASONING

LEGAL REASONING


1. PRINCIPLE: Caveat emptor, i.e., ‘let the buyer beware’ stands for the practical skill and judgment of the buyer in his choice of goods for purchase. It is the business of the buyer to judge for himself that what he buys has its use and worth for him. Once bought, and if the buy is not up to his expectations, then he alone is to blame and no one else.
FACTS: For the purpose of making uniforms for the employees, ‘A’ bought dark blue coloured cloth from ‘B’, but did not disclose to the seller (‘B’) the specific purpose of the said purchase. When uniforms were prepared and used by the employees, the cloth was found unfit. However, the cloth was fit for a variety of other purposes (such as, making caps, boots and carriage lining, etc.).
(a) ‘A’ (the buyer) would succeed in getting some remedy from ‘B’ (the seller)
(b) ‘A’ (the buyer) would not succeed in getting any remedy from ‘B’ (the seller)
(c) ‘A’ (the buyer) would succeed in getting refund from ‘B’ (the seller)
(d) ‘A’ (the buyer) would succeed in getting a different variety of cloth from ‘B’ (the seller), but not the refund.

2. PRINCIPLES: (1) Master/Principal is vicariously liable for the tort committed by a(n) servant/agent, in the performance of his duties as a(n) servant/agent.
(2) Negligence is the omission to do something which a reasonable man, guided upon those considerations which ordinarily regulate the conduct of human affairs, would do or doing something which a prudent or reasonable man would not do.
FACTS: A patient is brought to a hospital maintained by B. The patient is to be operated upon. As a result of faulty oxygen supply, the patient dies on the operation theatre table.
(a) B would not be liable because the surgeon was negligent \
(b) B would be liable because there is master and servant relationship between B and the surgeon
(c) B would not be liable because there is no master and servant relationship between B and thesurgeon
(d) B would not be vicariously liable because surgery is a highly skilled work on which B would have no control.
The answers are: 1. (b); 2. (b).


LOGICAL REASONING


1. In a certain code, GIGANTIC is written as GIGTANCI. How is MIRACLES written in that code?
(a) MIRLCAES
(b) MIRLACSE
(c) RIMCALSE
(d) RIMLCAES.

Directions (Qs. 2-4): These questions are based on the following information:
‘P@Q’ means ‘P is the mother of Q’
‘P$Q’ means ‘P is the husband of Q’
‘P#Q’ means ‘P is the sister of Q’
‘P*Q’ means ‘P is the son of Q’

2. If F#J*T$R@L, then which of the following is definitely true?
(a) L is the brother of F
(b) F is the sister of L
(c) F is the brother of J
(d) L is the brother of J.

3. Which of the following indicates the relationship ‘R is the daughter of T’?
(a) R#F*B@T
(b) R#F*B$T
(c) T@B#R*F
(d) T@B#F*R.

4. M*H@D@K, represents what relation of H with K?
(a) Mother
(b) Father
(c) Father-in-law
(d) None of these.

5. If Rahul finds that he is 12th from the right in a line of boys and 4th from the left, how many boys should be added to the line such that there are 28 boys in the line?
(a) 12
(b) 14
(c) 20
(d) 13.
The answers are: 1. (b); 2. (b); 3. (b); 4. (d); 5. (d).


ANALYTICAL REASONING


1. STATEMENT: The boy is too honest not to speak the truth.
ASSUMPTIONS: I. Very honest boys also tell lies.
II. Dishonest boys also speak the truth.
(a) Only assumption I is implicit
(b) Only assumption II is implicit
(c) Both I and II are implicit
(d) Neither I nor II is implicit.

2. STATEMENT: Should the tuition fees in all post-graduate courses be hiked considerably?
ARGUMENTS: I. Yes, this will bring in some sense of seriousness among the students and will improve the quality.
II. No, this will force the meritorious poor students to stay away from the post-graduate courses.
(a) Only argument I is strong
(b) Only argument II is strong
(c) Neither I nor II is strong
(d) Both I and II are strong.
The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (b).

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