Reasoning the Reason

LEGAL ,LOGICAL , ANALYTICAL REASONING


LEGAL REASONING


1. PRINCIPLE: Existence of all the alleged facts is relevant whether they occurred at the same time and place or at different times and places.
FACTS: A, a permanent resident in a foreign country who never visited India, is accused of waging war against the Government of India by taking part in an armed insurrection in which property is destroyed, troops are attacked and prisons are broken open.
(a) The existence of all the above mentioned alleged facts is relevant.
(b) Only the alleged fact that A is accused of waging war against the Government of India is relevant.
(c) The fact that A was a permanent resident in a foreign country who never visited India is not relevant.
(d) Only the alleged fact of taking part by A in an armed insurrection is relevant.

2. PRINCIPLE: Whoever desires any court to give judgment about any legal right or liability which depends on the existence of those facts which he asserts; must prove that those facts exist.
FACTS: A asserts that B, C and D have committed an offence of criminal conspiracy and therefore A desires a Court to give judgment that B, C and D shall be punished for that crime which A says B, C and D have committed.
(a) A must prove that B, C and D have committed the crime
(b) B, C and D must prove that they have not committed the crime
(c) A must prove that B, C and D were present at the place of crime
(d) Police must prove that B, C and D have committed the crime.
The answers are 1. (a); 2. (a).


LOGICAL REASONING


1. A man showed a boy next to him and said: “He is the son of my wife’s sister-in-law but I am the only child of my parents.” How is my son related to him?
(a) Cousin
(b) Brother
(c) Uncle
(d) Nephew.
2. If each of the letters in the English alphabet is assigned odd numerical value beginning A = 1, B = 3 and so on what will the total value of the letters for the word ‘HOTEL’ ?
(a) 95
(b) 115
(c) 125
(d) 105.
3. What is the angle that is formed between the two hands of a clock at 3:45?
(a) 156.5°
(b) 157°
(c) 157.5°
(d) 180.5°.
4. The day before the day before yesterday is third day after Saturday. What day is it today?
(a) Thursday
(b) Friday.
(c) Tuesday
(d) Wednesday.
5. Six friends are sitting before a dining table, three on either side. B is sitting on the same side of the table as A and opposite to D. E is sitting opposite to C and is between F and D, A is on the extreme left and of the table facing F. Who is sitting to the right of A?
(a) D
(b) C
(c) B
(d) E.
The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (b); 3. (c); 4. (b); 5. (b).


ANALYTICAL REASONING


1. Examine the following statements:
I. None but politicians are invited for election rally.
II. Some politicians in rally are members of Lok Sabha.
III. All Lok Sabha members are invited for royal dinner at President House.
Which of the conclusions can be drawn from the above statements?
(a) All politicians are invited for royal dinner
(b) All members of Lok Sabha are invited for election rally
(c) All politicians of Lok Sabha are invited for royal dinner
(d) None of the above.

2. Consider the following statements:
I. All members of Suresh’s family are engineers.
II. Some members of Suresh’s family are government employees.
III. All government employees are not corrupt.
IV. Some corrupt persons are not government employees.
Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the above statements?
(a) All members of Suresh’s family are corrupt
(b) Government employees of Suresh’s family are not corrupt
(c) The corrupt members of Suresh’s family are government employees
(d) Government employees of Suresh’s family are engineers.
The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (d).

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