Reasoning the Reason



1. PRINCIPLE: When a party to a contract has refused to perform, or disabled himself from performing, his promise in its entirety, the other party may put an end to the contract.
FACTS: A engaged B on April 12 to enter his service, on June 1, but on May 11, A wrote to B that his services would not be needed. On May 22, B joined C for employment.
(a) B must wait till June 1.
(b) B must have joined C on May 11.
(c) B is not bound to wait till June 1.
(d) A must pay damages to B.

2. PRINCIPLE: When a person voluntarily agrees to suffer some harm, he is not allowed to complain for that.
FACTS: ‘A’ was one of the spectators at a formula one car race, being held at Gurgaon, on a track owned by one ‘M’ company. During the race, there was a collision between two racing cars, one of which was thrown away amidst spectators, thereby causing an injury to ‘A’. ‘A’ claims damages for the injuries caused to him.
(a) M company will be liable for damages because the injury was caused during the race organized by it.
(b) M company will not be liable for damages because A had come to see the race on his own will.
(c) M company will not be liable for damages because the collision between the cars was beyond its control.
(d) M company will be liable because it has earned huge revenue by way of sale of tickets for the event.

The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (b).


1. A cuboid having six faces is made of different colour for each face. The blue face is adjacent to white. The red face is opposite to black, but adjacent to yellow. The brown face is adjacent to blue. The red face is placed down. Which one of the following faces would be the opposite to yellow?
(a) Blue
(b) White
(c) Red
(d) Black.

2. In a tournament of 14 teams playing, if each team played against every other team only once at league stage, followed by two semi-finals between the top four teams after league stage and finally one match between the winners of the semi-finals, then how many total matches are played?
(a) 108
(b) 94
(c) 81
(d) 78.

3. Which alphabet in sequence replaces the question mark?
(a) IUUI
(b) IVVI
(c) HVVH
(d) HUUH.

The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (b); 3. (b).


Directions (Qs. 61-63): Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.

1. Statement: Should there be a complete ban on setting up thermal power plants in India?
Arguments: I. Yes, this is the only way to control further addition to environmental pollution.
II. No, there is a huge shortage of electricity in most parts of the country and hence, generation of electricity needs to be augmented.
III. No, many developed countries continue to set up thermal power plants in their countries.
(a) None is strong
(b) Only I is strong
(c) Only II is strong
(d) Only III is strong.

2. Statement: Should there be a restriction on the construction of high rise buildings in big cities in India?
Arguments: I. No, big cities in India do not have adequate open land plots to accommodate the growing population.
II. Yes, only the builders and developers benefit from the construction of high-rise buildings.
III. Yes, the government should first provide adequate infrastructural facilities to the existing buildings before allowing the construction of new high-rise buildings.
(a) Only II is strong
(b) Only III is strong
(c) I and III are strong
(d) Only I is strong.

3. Statement: Should road repair work in big cities be carried out only late at night?
Arguments: I. No, this way the work will never get completed.
II. No, there will be unnecessary use of electricity.
III. Yes, the commuters will face a lot of problems due to repair work during the day.
(a) None is strong
(b) Only I is strong
(c) Only III is strong
(d) I and III are strong.

The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (c); 3. (c).

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