Reasoning the Reason



1.PRINCIPLE: When at the desire of the promisor, the promisee or any other person had done or abstained from doing, or does or abstains from doing, or promises to do or abstain something, such an act or abstinence or promise is called consideration for the promise.

FACTS: A daughter promises to give maintenance to her uncle in consideration of her mother making a gift of certain properties to her. The daughter pleads lack of consideration when the uncle seeks to enforce the contract. She says that the uncle is a stranger to the consideration and so he cannot enforce the contract. The daughter

(a) Will succeed because uncle being a stranger to the consideration cannot enforce it
(b) Will not succeed because uncle is a near relative and in such cases consideration is not necessary
(c) Cannot succeed because consideration might move from any person
(d) None of the above.

2. PRINCIPLE: A person is said to be of sound mind for the purpose of making a contract if, at the time when he makes it, he is capable of understanding it and of forming a rational judgment as to its effect upon his interest.

FACTS: X who is usually of sound mind, but occasionally of unsound mind enters into a contract with Y when he (X) is of unsound mind. Y came to know about this fact afterwards and now wants to file a suit against X.

(a) X cannot enter into contract because he is of unsound mind when he entered into the contract.
(b) X can enter into contract but the burden is on the other party to prove that he was of unsound mind at the time of contract.
(c) X can enter into contract but the burden is on X to prove that he was of sound mind at the time of contract.
(d) None of these.

The answers are: 1. (c); 2. (c).


1. Introducing a man, a woman said, “He is the only son of my mother’s mother.” How is the woman related to the man?
(a) Mother
(b) Aunt
(c) Sister
(d) Niece.

2. Raji is 5 ranks ahead of Raj in a class of 46 students. If Raj’s rank is twelfth from the last, what is Raji’s rank from the start?
(a) 29
(b) 31
(c) 28
(d) 30.

Directions (Qs. 3 and 4): In each of the following questions, four words are given, out of which three are alike in a certain manner and the fourth one is different. Choose the odd one out.

3. (a) chicken
(b) snake
(c) tortoise
(d) swan.

4. (a) 187
(b) 136
(c) 141
(d) 238.

The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (d); 3. (a); 4. (c).


Directions (Qs. 1-3): In the following questions there is a statement followed by two conclusions. You have to choose:

(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If conclusions I and II both follow.
(d) If neither I nor II follows.

1. Statement: India is the largest exporter of Lichi.
I. India only exports Lichi.
II. China and Japan are the most important customers of Lichi from India.

2. Statement: Reputed management institutes focus on both quality and advertisement.

I. There are only two important factors for a reputed management institute: quality and advertising.
II. Small management institutes focus on only one factor – quality or advertising.

3. Statement: The Australian Cricket team scored 300 runs out of which Andrew Symonds scored 151 runs.
I. Andrew Symonds was the highest run scorer of the match.
II. Symonds scored 66 runs in singles only.

The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (d); 3. (d).

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