Legal One Liners

Legal One Liners For Judicial Service Aspirants

  • The State is and becomes an international person through recognition only and exclusively: Oppenheim.
  • According to Constitutive Theory, recognition clothes recognised states with rights and duties under International Law.
  • 21stAmendment recognised Sindhi as one of the languages under the 8th Schedule of the Constitution of India, 1950.
  • The subject of Preventive Detention for reasons connected with Defence, Foreign affairs, or security of India has been included in the Union List given under the 7thSchedule of the Constitution of India.
  • The Supreme Court was created by the Constitution of India, 1950.
  • No taxes can be levied or expenditure incurred without the approval of the Parliament.
  • According to Historical Theory, state is the reason for a course of evolution.
  • Doctrine of Non Recognition was propounded by Stimson.
  • Lauterpacht said Recognition may be declaratory of facts, it is constitutive of rights.
  • Savigny is called as Darwanian before Darwin and sociological before Sociologists.
  • Volkgeist means general consciousness of people.
  • When at the trial the accused person repudiates his previous confession which was made by him before the beginning of the trial, it is called a Retracted Confession.
  • Necessity Rule as to admissibility of evidence is provided in Section 32 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872.
  • Presumption as to Electronic Agreements is contained in Section 85A of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872.
  • Doctrine of Estoppel means restriction to make statement contrary to the earlier statement/admission.
  • Dr. Under Hill defines Defamation as a publication of false and defamatory statement concerning another without just cause or excuse.
  • Salmond defines Nuisance as “it consists in causing or allowing without lawful justification the escape of any deleterious thing from his land or from elsewhere into the land in possession of the plaintiff”.
  • Presence in the environment of any environment pollutant is known as Environmental Pollution.
  • Power to declare air pollution control areas vests with the State Government after consultation with the State Board.
  • Power to constitute Reserve Forest vests with the State Government.
  • In Summary trial, procedure for the trial of the summons case shall be followed.
  • Language and contents of the judgment has been provided under section 354 of CrPC.
  • Retributive Theory of Criminal Jurisprudence is followed while releasing the child on probation in lieu of the punishment.
  • Clemency of Capital punishment is granted by the President of India.
  • Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely: Lord Acton.
  • A retired judge of a High Court cannot practice in the High Court from where he has retired.
  • The President while determining the age of a High Court judge exercises judicial power.
  • A member of the Public Service Commission holds office for a period of six years.
  • Principle of res judicata is not applicable to the writ of Habeas Corpus issued under Article 32/226 of the Constitution of India, 1950.
  • In case of breakdown of constitutional machinery in a state, the President of India assumes the function of the government of the state.
  • Meaning of the word jurisprudence isknowledge of law’.
  • ‘International law is a positive morality’ was the opinion of Austin.
  • Under the International law, the right of self-defence is a subject of judgment of the Security Council.
  • Retiring age of a judge of the ICJ is not mentioned anywhere under the UN Charter.
  • The concept of privity of contract was rejected in the case of Donoghue v. Stevenson.
  • The hallmark of criminal misappropriation is dishonest intention.
  • Definition of theft, given in section 378 IPC covers movable property.
  • The word ‘conjointly’ used in section 391 IPC means concerted action.
  • Advertisement for tenders is an invitation of offer.
  • Consensus ad idem means same thing in the same sense.
  • The remedy by way of quantum meruit is a quasi contractual remedy.
  • A petition under the Hindu Marriage Act can be presented before the District Judge.
  • Remedy of restitution of conjugal rights is available to both wife and husband.
  • A Hindu ceases to be Hindu by conversion.
  • Desertion is a total repudiation of the obligation of marriage.
  • Under section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 the number of grounds which are exclusively available to wife are four.
  • Bar to entertain a petition for divorce is contained in Section 14.
  • Formal sources of Islamic law are four.
  • A mother is not entitled to inherit a class from her step son.
  • One person is said to be an agnate of another, if two are related by blood or adoption through males.
  • A joint Hindu family status comes to an end when the members of the family become separate in estate.
  • Dower ranks as an ordinary unsecured debt along with other creditors.
  • Offsprings of zina are illegitimate and cannot be legitimated by acknowledgement.

 

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