“There is no disease as equal to desire
There is no enemy as equal to passion
There is no fire which burns as equal to anger
There is no happiness as equal to sound knowledge.”
How a man under the influence of internal enemies ruins himself is graphically explained in the above Sanskrit verse. It is for this reason as an antidote ‘Indriya Nigraha’ has been made one of the five fundamental rules of Dharma. Any person who makes this quality his own would never suffer on account of his misdeeds. Therefore, this quality must be ingrained in every individual as part of education at home and school. It is, its neglect, that is causing so many individuals to become victims of their own action done under the provocation or instigation of ‘indriyas’.
Now, want of indriya nigraha among individuals has become the order of the day. Every day we read and hear such instances in print or electronic media. To illustrate, when a male under the influence of immoral sexual desire, wants to have it, he attempts rape, knowing fully well that both the life of the rapist and the woman raped are going to be ruined. After having indulged in such heinous crimes, a further offence of murder or destruction of evidence of crimes is committed. By such crimes committed on account of aggravated form of desire, his entire life gets ruined, entire family suffers. Such offenders have to spend their entire life in jail, their parents, close relatives, brothers and sisters have to suffer throughout their life. In fact death is preferable than facing such consequence. We have seen a young girl infatuated for the fulfillment of sexual enjoyment with a male of her choice, gets her own husband killed. Recently, an advocate stabbed a lady advocate in the Karnataka High Court premises just because she was not willing to marry him. The desire for money or wealth or for preferred sex constitutes the main cause for murders or rapes, which ultimately lands them in prison lifelong. They would not be successful either in getting illegitimate wealth or illegitimate sexual enjoyment but what they get is life long company of criminals in jail which is worse than death and/or facing the hell. The aforesaid Sanskrit Subhashita should form part of the text book as Social Science or Moral Science which ought to have been done as advised by Swami Vivekananda hundred years ago to provide character building education.
Such things are frequent in politics. Many individuals join political parties mainly with the object of amassing illegal wealth or positions of power such as minister for that purpose. After having come up and made illegal wealth, the moment they are caught red-handed for indulging in large scale corruption and they are removed from their position, next moment they begin to condemn the very party on account of which they had acquired higher position, money, name, fame etc. Further, on account of anger they make allegations whether true or false, against their own party or their own leaders. Similarly, the party gives everything desired to an individual, he would remain loyal to the party so long as his desires are fulfilled. The moment ticket to contest on party ticket is denied, he becomes hostile to the party. He begins to make all sorts of allegations against the very party he was praising for decades. All these happen on account of one or more of the reasons stated in the aforesaid verse, which in fact records the experience of life of human beings.
Many times individuals become hostile to their own party. When their desires are not fulfilled or on account of passion or enmity and anger arising therefrom. Therefore, the only thing that can save an individual from disaster as a consequence of all such causes is ‘WISDOM’. In order that wisdom saves an individual from internal enemies referred in the aforesaid verse is to acquire wisdom as panacea for all the diseases or evil consequences caused by the instigation of desires, anger, passion or infatuation. But it is not easy to acquire wisdom or ‘VIVEKA’ [sound discretion]. To acquire this quality is a slow process but a sure one. How this can be earned is put graphically in ‘Someshwara Sataka’ of Somanatha in Kannada which means:
“Learn certain things from those well verses, learned certain other things from ‘sastras’ or sacred literature, certain other things by emulation of those who are good and wise individuals and certain other things from sound knowledge. Thus there are many ways shown in various literature and the cumulative effect of all these constitutes ‘WISDOM’. It is from wisdom one can develop good sense and from good sense develop sound knowledge and thereby a quality of immunity in that not to be influenced by momentary impulses arising out of or instigation of aforesaid internal enemies inherent in human beings. Thus, learning process is life long and experience acquired therefrom in sum constitutes ‘WISDOM’.
The advice is worthy of being scrupulously followed by everyone and restrain himself from becoming a victim of his desire under the instigation of the six internal enemies inherent in man.